These are the main component handrail parts along with a brief description of each.

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Monkey's Tail or Wreathed Volute
This is at the start of a flight of stairs when the handrail curves round to sit over a 'D tread', an ornate horizontal scroll that is supported by either a continuation of spindles or a Newel post.

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'D Tread'
This is at the start of a flight of stairs when the handrail curves round to sit over a 'D tread', an ornate horizontal scroll that is supported by either a continuation of spindles or a Newel post.

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Wreath
A wreath is a three dimensional turn, going up and round following the line of the staircase.

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Ramp or Easing
A ramp is used to change from one pitch to another, this is normally found in the transition between landing and stairs but can also be found mid flight.

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Goose neck or Swan's neck
This is found at the top of a flight of stairs and is used to maintain the hight of the handrail in the transition between stairs and landing.

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Flat 90
This is a profiled two dimensional turn. It is used to change direction horizontally creating a curve rather than a mitred joint.

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Opening Cap
The opening cap is an alternative way of starting a run of handrail, this is usually placed over a Newel post. the opening cap is a circular disc mitred onto the end of the handrail and in many cases is conected to an under ramp leading into a straight run up throough the pitch of a staircase.

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Profiled End

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